Women and retirement in Italy: Work, pension reforms and family patterns


  • Giulia Dalla Nora


The relationship between gender and retirement in Italy is ambiguous. Although the older female employment rate is increasing, (even counting big differences between education level and with a persistent strong North/South divide), retired women spent a small numbers of years in the labour market, earned less over their lifetimes, and worked in different jobs than men of the same age. The aim of this paper is to present an overview of the older Italian female labor market and pension situation