A Causal Model Analysis of Violence Committed by Women Against Their Intimate Partners


  • ไวพจน์ กุลาชัย
  • สุมนทิพย์ จิตสว่าง


ความรุนแรงในครอบครัว, ความรุนแรงต่อคู่ครอง, ผู้เป็นเหยื่อเพศชาย, ผู้กระทำความรุนแรงเป็นผู้หญิง, Domestic violence, Intimate partner violence, Male victims, Women perpetrator


การกระทำความรุนแรงต่อคู่ครองเป็นปัญหาที่สำคัญในสังคมที่ส่งผลร้ายแรงต่อบุคคลและชุมชน งานวิจัยนี้มีวัตถุประสงค์เพื่อสำรวจปัจจัยเสี่ยงที่มีอิทธิพลต่อการกระทำความรุนแรงที่ผู้หญิงกระทำต่อคู่ครอง กลุ่มตัวอย่างประกอบด้วยผู้หญิงในภาคตะวันออกของประเทศไทยจำนวน 403 คนที่ได้มาจากการสุ่มตัวอย่างแบบหลายขั้นตอน ผู้วิจัยใช้แบบสอบถามในการเก็บข้อมูลซึ่งถูกวิเคราะห์โดยการวิเคราะห์สมการโครงสร้าง (SEM) ผลการวิจัยชี้ให้เห็นถึงความสำคัญของประสบการณ์ความรุนแรงในครอบครัวในการทำความเข้าใจปัจจัยที่มีอิทธิพลต่อการกระทำความรุนแรงต่อคู่ครอง นอกจากนั้น ยังพบว่า ประสบการณ์ความรุนแรงในครอบครัวมีอิทธิพลโดยตรงต่อทัศนคติต่อสังคมแบบปิตาธิปไตยและการยอมรับความรุนแรง ในขณะที่การตกเป็นเหยื่อความรุนแรงและทัศนคติต่อสังคมแบบปิตาธิปไตยไม่มีผลต่อการกระทำความรุนแรงต่อคู่ครอง อย่างไรก็ตาม การวิจัยแสดงให้เห็นถึงความสัมพันธ์ที่ซับซ้อนระหว่างปัจจัยต่าง ๆ เหล่านี้ ดังนั้น จึงมีความจำเป็นที่จะต้องเร่งดำเนินการแก้ไขปัญหา ประกอบด้วย การแก้ไขและรับมือกับปัญหาตั้งแต่ระยะเริ่มต้น การเฝ้าระวังที่คำนึงถึงความเจ็บปวดทางด้านจิตใจ ความอ่อนไหวต่อประเด็นด้านวัฒนธรรม และการทำงานร่วมกันของผู้เกี่ยวข้อง  Intimate partner violence is a significant societal issue with detrimental consequences for individuals and communities. This present research objective was to examine risk factors influencing intimate partner violence against men. The participants of this study were 403 women of the Eastern region of Thailand derived from multi-stage sampling. Questionnaire was employed to collect the data which was then analyzed using structural equation modeling (SEM). The findings indicate that experiences of domestic violence were important factors in understanding intimate partner violence. Experiences of family violence directly influence attitudes towards a patriarchal society and acceptance of violence, while victimization and attitudes towards a patriarchal society do not have a direct impact on intimate partner violence. However, research reveals complex relationships between these factors. The implications suggest the need for a comprehensive approach that includes early intervention, trauma-informed practices, cultural sensitivity, and collaboration among stakeholders.


Adebayo, A.A. (2014). Domestic violence against men: Balancing the gender issues in Nigeria. American Journal of Sociological Research, 4(1), 14-19.

Al-Mohannadi, S.A., Al-Harahsheh, S., Atari, S., Jilani, N., Al-Hail, G., & Sigodo, K. (2022). Addressing violence against children: A case review in the state of Qatar. Frontiers in Public Health, 10, 859325.

Alifanoviene, D., Sapelyte, O., & Patkanskiene, L. (2013). Domestic violence against the man: The structure of emotional experience. Social Welfare Interdisciplinary Approach, 3(1), 31-40.

Alsawalqa, R.O. (2023). A qualitative study to investigate male victims' experiences of female-perpetrated domestic abuse in Jordan. Current Psychology, 42(7), 5505-5520.

Bhattacharya, A., Yasmin, S., Bhattacharya, A., Baur, B., Madhwani, K.P. (2020). Domestic violence against women: A hidden and deeply rooted health issue in India. Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care 9(10), 5229-5235

Breiding, M. J., Basile, K. C., Smith, S. G., Black, M. C., Mahendra, R. R. (2020). Intimate partner violence surveillance: Uniform definitions and recommended data elements, Version 2.0. Atlanta, GA: National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2008). Intimate partner violence: Consequences. Retrieved June, 2022 from http://www.cdc.gov/Violence Prevention/intimate partner violence/consequences.html.

Chester, D.S., & DeWall, C.N. (2017). The roots of intimate partner violence. Current Opinion in Psychology, 19, 55-59.

Cheung, M., Leung, P., & Tsui, V. (2009). Asian male domestic violence victims: Services exclusive for men. Journal of Family Violence, 24(7), 447-462.

Cuartas, J., McCoy, D., Yoshikawa, H., Bass, M., Salazar, A., Metheny, N., & Knaul, F. (2022). Prevention of violence against children in the home: an overview of reviews protocol. Systematic Review, 11, 272. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13643-022-02153-6

de Oliveira, S.M.T.; Galdeano, E.A.; da Trindade, E.M.G.G.; Fernandez, R.S.; Buchaim, R.L.; Buchaim, D.V.; da Cunha, M.R.; Passos, S.D. (2021). Epidemiological study of violence against children and its increase during the COVID-19 pandemic. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(19), 10061.

Dempsey, B. (2013). Men’s experience of domestic abuse in Scotland. Edinburgh: AMIS (Abused Men in Scotland).

Ditsabunchong, R., & Siri, P. (2019). Reflection of Elderly Abuse in Thai Newspaper. Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University, 10(1), 154-174.

Donovan, C., Hester, M., Holmes, J., & McCarry, M. (2006). Comparing domestic abuse in same sex and heterosexual relationships. Bristol: University of Bristol.

Duangsuwan, N., Kaewkabthong, H., Thanaganjana, W., Saesa, N., & Jehtae, H. (2022). Children and Domestic Violence. Journal of Social Work, 30(1), 178-216.

Finneran, C., & Stephenson, R. (2014). Antecedents of intimate partner violence among gay and bisexual men. Violence and Victims, 29(3), 422–435.

Gubi, D., & Wandera, S.O. (2022). Prevalence and correlates of intimate partner violence among ever-married men in Uganda: a cross-sectional survey. BMC Public Health, 22(1), 535.

Hair, J.F., Black, W.C., Babin, B.J. and Anderson, R.E. (2010) Multivariate Data Analysis. 7th Edition, Pearson, New York.

Hegel, J., Cummings, J. A., Toews, K., Knowles, L. A., Willcott-Benoit, W., Palermo, A. M., & Deleurme, K. A. (2023). Women survivors of adolescent dating violence describe the maintenance of their abusive relationships: First person stories via YouTube. Violence Against Women, 29(5), 817–835.

Hines, D.A., & Douglas, E.M. (2009). Women’s use of intimate partner violence against men: Prevalence, implications, and consequences. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 18, 572–586.

Hines, D.A., & Douglas, E.M. (2010). Intimate terrorism by women toward men: does it exist? Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research, 2(3), 36-56.

Hines, D.A., & Douglas, E.M. (2016). Sexual aggression experiences among male victims of physical partner violence: Prevalence, severity, and health correlates for male victims and their children. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 45(5), 1133–1151.

Hogan, K. (2016). Men’s experiences of female-perpetrated intimate partner violence: A qualitative exploration. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of the West of England, UK.

Home Office. (2015). Controlling or coercive behaviour in an intimate or family relationship statutory guidance framework. Retrieved October 31, 2019 from https://www.gov.uk/government/ uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file /482528/Controlling_or_coercive_behaviour_-_statutory_guidance.pdf

Idriss, M. M. (2022). Abused by the patriarchy: Male victims, masculinity, “honor”-based abuse and forced marriages. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 37(13–14), 11905–11932.

Jeffries, S., & Ball, M. J. (2008). Male same-sex intimate partner violence: A descriptive review and call for further research. Murdoch e-Law Review, 15(1), 134-179.

Kolbe, V., & Büttner, A. (2020). Domestic violence against men—prevalence and risk factors. Deutsches Ärzteblatt International, 117(31-32), 534–541.

Kulsawad, T., Samart, T., & Thawatchawanannan, A. (2020). Domestic violence against the elderly: Causes and prevention strategies. Journal of Politics, Administration and Law, 12(2), 111-127.

Ludvigsson, M., Wiklund, N., Swahnberg, K., & Simmons, J. (2021). Experiences of elder abuse: a qualitative study among victims in Sweden. BMC Geriatr, 22, 256.

Malik, Singh, J., & Anuradha, N. (2019). A cross-sectional study of gender-based violence against men in the rural area of Haryana, India. Indian Journal of Community Medicine, 44(1), 35-38.

Meinck, F., Neelakantan, L., Steele, B., Jochim, J., Davies, L. M., Boyes, M., Barlow, J., & Dunne, M. (2022). Measuring violence against children: A COSMIN systematic review of the psychometric properties of child and adolescent self-report measures. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 0(0). https://doi.org/10.1177/15248380221082152

Meyer, S.R., Lasater, M.E., & Garcı´a-Moreno, C. (2020). Violence against older women: A systematic review of qualitative literature. PLoS ONE, 15(9): e0239560.

Molwus, J. J., Erdogan, B., & Ogunlana, S. O. (2013). Critical success factors for stakeholder management and project success in construction projects. 11th International Post Graduate Research Conference (IPGRC), 8th –10th April, Media city, Manchester, University of Salford, 758 – 767.

Muller, H.J., Desmarais, S.L., & Hamel, J.M. (2009). Do judicial responses to restraining order requests discriminate against male victims of domestic violence? Journal of Family Violence, 24, 625–637.

Musune, J., Gadsen, F., & Kusanthan, T. (2016). Factors influencing intimate partner violence against Men in Lusaka, Zambia. Research Academy of Social Sciences, 4(2), 119-126.

Nozapour, J., Fallahi-Khoshknab, M., Arsalani, N., Tabrizi, K, & Ahmadi, F. (2022). Violence against the elderly: a concept analysis utilising Walker and Avant’s approach. Family Medicine & Primary Care Review, 24(3), 245-253.

Nunart, T., Lahukarn, B., & Sopha, N. (2021). Domestic Violence Against Pregnant Women. Journal of Buddhist Social Sciences and Humanities, 6(8), 1-13.

Oyediran, K., Spencer, C.M., & Stith, S.M. (2023). Men as victims of intimate partner violence in Cameroon and Sierra Leone. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 38(5-6), 5211-5235.

Peterson, C., Kearns, M.C., McIntosh, W.L., Estefan, L.F., Nicolaidis, C., McCollister, K.E., Gordon, A., & Florence, C. (2018). Lifetime economic burden of intimate partner violence among U.S. adults. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 55(4), 433-444.

Phanthong, V., Thepsongsaeng, P., & Plubplathong, P. (2022). 'When Men Cry: Male Victims of Domestic Violence and Abuse'. Journal of Buddhist Psychology, 7(2), 99-114.

Rujit, W., & Liemsuwan, T. (2021). Causal factors influencing organizational commitment of employee in the automotive and auto parts industries: A case study of Amata City Industrial Estate Thailand. Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences, 42, 75–80.

Sammawong, S., Sommanusorn, S., & Sumngern, C. (2017). Factors related to elder abuse from the perspective of elderly and family members. Journal of Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Bangkok, 33(1), 90-103.

Smith, S. G., Chen, J., Basile, K. C., Gilbert, L. K., Merrick, M. T., Patel, N., Walling, M., & Jain, A. (2017). The National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS): 2010-2012 state report. National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Spencer, C. M., Morgan, P., Bridges, J., Washburn-Busk, M., & Stith, S. M. (2021). The relationship between approval of violence and intimate partner violence in college students. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 36(1–2), 212–231.

Stanek, K. A., Fox, K. A., Telep, C. W., & Trinkner, R. (2023). Who can you yrust? The impact of procedural justice, trust, and police officer sex on women’s sexual assault victimization reporting likelihood. Violence Against Women, 29(5), 860–881.

Swan, S.C., Gambone, L.J., Caldwell, J.E., Sullivan, P.T., & Snow D.L. (2008). Review of research on women’s use of violence with male intimate partner. Violence and Victims, 23(3), 301-314.

Tilbrook, E., Allan, A., & Dear, G. (2010). Intimate partner abuse of men. Perth: Men’s Advisory Network (MAN).

Tsiko, R.G. (2016). A Spatial Latent Gaussian Model for intimate partner violence against men in Africa. Journal of Family Violence, 31(2016), 443–459.

Thailand Institute of Justice. (2020). The background of violence against a sample population aged 18-29. Bangkok: Thailand Institute of Justice.

Villaveces, A., & Viswanathan, S. (2022). Violence against children: multifaceted approaches to a complex problem. International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion, 29(1), 1-2.

Walsh, C. A., Ploeg, J., Lohfeld, L., Horne, J., MacMillan, H., & Lai, D. (2007). Violence across the lifespan: Interconnections among forms of abuse as described by marginalized Canadian elders and their care-givers. British Journal of Social Work, 37(3), 491-514.

Whitaker, M. (2014). Motivational attributions about intimate partner violence among male and female perpetrators. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 29(3), 517-553.

World Health Organization. (2006). Intimate partner violence and alcohol factsheet. Retrieved 21 April 2023 from http://www.who.int/violence_injury_prevention/ violence/world_report/fact sheets/ft_intimate.pdf

World Health Organization (2010). Preventing intimate partner and sexual violence against women: Taking action and generating evidence. Geneva: World Health Organization and London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.

World Health Organization. (2012). Understanding and addressing violence against women. Retrieved 31 October 2019 from https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/77432/ WHO_RHR_12.36_eng.pdf; jsessionid=BE092FDA05D9745A5B906F2D7F1AB0DF?sequence=1