• Heting Liang
  • Khemaradee Masingboon
  • Niphawan Samartkit
  • Saifone Moungkum


adults, dietary behaviors, recurrent kidney stones, health beliefs


Recurrent kidney stones pose a significant global health concern, emphasizing the crucial role of appropriate dietary practices in their prevention. This research, grounded in the Health Belief Model, delves into the dietary behaviors and underlying factors influencing individuals with recurrent kidney stones. The study cohort comprised 110 adults with recurrent kidney stones, selected via simple random sampling from the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University in Wenzhou, Zhejiang Province, China. Utilizing instruments such as demographic questionnaires, the Health Belief Scale, and the Dietary Behaviors Scale, data analysis was conducted employing descriptive statistics and multivariate regression analysis. The findings underscored a mean dietary behavior score of 55 out of 95 (SD = 8.6), indicating a moderate level of adherence to recommended dietary guidelines. Notably, perceived threat, perceived benefits, perceived barriers, and perceived self-efficacy collectively elucidated 20.4% of the variance in dietary behaviors among adults with recurrent kidney stones. Particularly, perceived threat and perceived barriers emerged as significant predictors of dietary behaviors (β = .287, p < .001; β = -.409, p < .001, respectively). These results underscore the importance of targeted interventions aimed at enhancing dietary behaviors among this demographic. Nurses and healthcare providers are urged to furnish tailored information that addresses specific barriers and heightens perceived threat, thereby fostering preventive measures against recurrent kidney stones.


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